Articus Studio

Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Paper But Were Afraid to Ask

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Bookbinding Supplies, Linen Binding Tapes
Bookbinding Supplies-Needle, Thread
Bookbinding - Book Making Terms
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Brass Charms-Birds, Butterflies, Bees & Dragonflys
Brass Charms - Blank Tags & Discs
Brass Charms - Coffee & Tea
Brass Charms-Cross
Brass Charms - Crowns
Brass Charm Embellishments
Brass Charm Embellishments 2
Brass Charms - Eyeglass Frames
Brass Charm Fancy Connectors
Brass Charms - Fleur de Lis
Brass Charms - Flowers, Leaves & Pumpkins
Brass Charm Frames
Brass Charms - Gears Steampunk Look
Brass Charms - Keys & Locks
Brass Charms-Ornate Ornamentals
Brass Charms - Sewing & Scissors
Brass Charms- Travel Embellishments
Brass Charms - Womens Accessories
Brass Charms - Words
Brass Charms - How to Add Patina
Brass Charms 101 - Cleaning, Painting,Sealing
Brass Stencils
Classy Corner Protectors
Classy Box Corners & Protectors
Crystal Rhinestone Pizazz
Create Recklessly with Artist Concrete
Tim Holtz Ideology Products & Cool Tools
Tim Holtz Alcohol Inks by Ranger Ink
Tim Holtz Alcohol Inks-Lights & Brights Colors by Ranger Ink
Domino Art Beads, Acrylic Buttons & Glass Look Rectangles
Embellishments in Metal
Embellishments-Oriental or Asian
Embossing Folders-Pretty
Frozen Charlotte Dolls - NOT!
Glues, Adhesives, Dimensional Glaze
High Tack Double Sided Tape--X-press It
Hammers are cool! for Jewelry, Metal Smithing
Hinges & Hook Latches
Inks-India Ink, Staz On, Pilot Metalllic Markers
Jewelry Making Findings
Jewelry~Glass Tile Pendants
Jewelry Findings-Pin Converters
Jewelry Findings - Bails
Jewelry - Nunn Design Patera Pendants & Findings
Jewelry~ Nunn Design Rings
Jewelry Findings-Katiedids Creative Components
Jewelry Findings-Wire, Headpins & More by Beadalon
Jewelry Findings - Pin Backs with Bails
Jewelry Findings - Screw Eyes
Jewelry Findings-Shaped Jump Rings
Jewelry Making Supplies Assorted
Jewelry Making Supplies- Fillable Pendants & Lockets
Jewelry Making Tools- Pliers,Metal Stamp Sets & More
Keys & Keyhole Embellishments
Metal Foil Tapes
Metal Foil Tapes "How To" Video
Vintaj Metal Tools
MetalSmithing Tools for Light Metal Smithing
Metal Smithing Vintaj Deco Etch & DecoEmboss Dies
Metal Monopoly Cars
Metal Nail Head Rivets & Escutcheon Nails
Metal Hole Punch Pliers
Mica Tiles
Microscope Slide ART Holders
Miscellaneous Cool Stuff
Muslin Dolls & Poseable Bendy Dolls
Non-Stick Teflon Craft Sheet
Manila Paper Tags, Mail Art Tags
Peerless Water Colors
Stampbord Stamping Surface
Stampers Anonymous Artful Rubber Stamps
Stickers & Collage Items
Stenciling Stencils
Templates for Triptychs, Envelopes, Stationery Boxes & More
TerrificallyTacky Tape
Wonderful Washi Tape
Glues and Adhesives Guide
Beaded Jewelry- How To Care For It
Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Paper
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This is a glossary of terms to enlighten and increase your knowledge of paper.

Accordion fold~method of folding paper that resembles the bellows of an accrdion.
Acid-free~ Paper with a neutral pH (between 6 & 8) which helps increase paper longevity.  Fillers such as calcioum carbonate help neutralize the acidity of paper.
Antique finish~ subtle, "toothy" tactile finish of paper typically used in book and cover papers.
Archival~ designation for acid-free paper with a minimum of 2% calcium carbonate to help minimize deterioration over time.  Also refererred to as buffered paper.
Bark~ what a dog does--ha ha, a textured paper finish created by embossing.
Basis weight ~ the weight in pounds per ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to the standard size, generally a folio size, for that classification of paper.
Brightness~measurement of the amount of light a paper reflects.
Bristol Board~ stiff, heavyweight paper often made in thickness of 0.006" or more.
Buffered~description used for products capable of maintaining the core of a solution.  Buffered papers prevent acide from transferring from a photograph to paper.
Color-fastness~ Dyed paper's ability to maintain its color when exposed to light, heat and other elements.
Cover stock~ heavyweight paper used for pamphlets, scrapbooking, report & brochure covers as well as printed business cards.  Also known as cardstock.
Crepe embossment~textured paper finish similar to that of handmade paper.
De-acidification spray~ neutralizes acid in newsprint, certificates & other documents.
Deckle edge~unfinished paper edge created when fibers flow against the deckle or edge of the web.  Double-deckle paper has parallel deckle edges.
Duplex~paper with different colord sheets that are laminated or duplexed back-to-back.
Embossed finish~raised or depressed paper texture imparted by an embossing machine.
Engraving~Intaglio printing process in which ink is applied to the paper from metal-etched plates under extreme pressure.  A raised printed surface results.  Used for letterheads, invitations and other formal occasions.
Felt finish~finish applied to paper at the wet end of the paper machine by using distinctly woven felts.
Finish~physical appearance and texture of a paper's surface.
Foil~material covered on one side with a metallic coloring for use in foil stamping.
Folding endurance~paper test measuring the number of back and forth folds a sheet of paper can endure before tearing.
Four-color process~method of using the four basic ink colors (yellow, magenta, cyan and black) to reproduce full-color photographs and imagery.
Free-sheet~lignin free paper made using a kraft process for greater paper longevity than groundwood paper containing lignin.
French fold~printed sheet folded vertically and horizontally to produce a four-page piece.  Also a single sheet folded in half and bound on the open edge.
Gatefold~four-page piece with foldouts opening on either side of the center spread.
Gild~to decorate a book's page edges with gold or other metallic leaf.
Grade~classification defining a paper's brigtness, finish, cotton content and other features.
Gravure~ Intaglio printing process in which the image area is etched below the printing plate surface and transferred directly to paper using pressure.
Handmade finish~ rough finish simulating hand-made paper.
Handmade Paper~paper made by hand, usually rough and uneven in textures with flowers or leaves added to enhance the natural look.
High finish~A smooth, hard finish applied to paper by calendaring or another process.
Imitation parchment~paper made with irregular fiber distribution to simulate antique parchment.
Ink absorption~ the degree to which ink will penetrate paper.
Intensity~ classification of strength, degree or amount of ink.
Kraft paper~ high-pulp, brown paper commonly used for grocery bags, wrapping paper and varieties of envelopes.  Also known as free-sheet paper.
Laid finish~ Finish imparted by a dandy roll featuring wires parallel to its axis that impress the paper during manufacture to produce a permanent, cross-hatch patterned watermark.
Laser copmpatible~ Papers with special properties to ensure consistent performance with laser equipment.
Letterpress Printing~method of printing that employs type or design cast or engraved in relief (raised) on a variety of surfaces including metal, rubber and wood.  This type of printing requires aplying ink to the raised printing surface so that non-printing areas are recessed. Also known as relief typographic printing.
Levelness~evenness of fiber distribution in paper.
Lightfastness~ degree to which paper or a printed pieces resists a color change when exposed to light.
Lignin~the natural element that binds together the cells of a tree; removed from paper in the kraft process.
Linen finish paper~ paper embossed to create a surface similar to linen cloth.
Low bulk~ smooth-surface paper thinner than papers of the same weight.
Monochromatic color scheme~ using different values of the same color as complements of the other corresponding colors.
Mottled finish~ inferior paper finish with glossy and dull areas across the printed sheet.
Mulberry~popular variety of craft paper known for its distinctive texture.
Neutral pH~a minimum value that increases paper stability and permanence.  Papers witha pH of 6.0 to 8.0 on a scale of 0 to 14.0 are neutral.
Onionskin~lightweight, cockle finish paper traditionally used for copying corespondence.
Opacity~ visibility of print through one side of a sheet to the other.  The higher the opacity the less likely that the printing on one side will show through to the other side.
Orange peel~ coated or printed paper surface with the feel of an orange peel.
Parchment~rigid paper with a surface that simulates the look of ancient parchment which was made from animal skins.
Point (PT.)~ measurement of paper thickness
Pre-embossed papers~ paper manufactured with a raised design.
Printability~ description of a sheet's ability to perform during the printing process including its ink receptivity, uniformity, smoothness, compressibility and opacity.
Pulpwood~logs and shorter lengths of wood suitable to become pulp for makinig paper.
Rag paper~ paper made from cotton cuttings and linters.  (Cotton fiber paper)
Recovered paper~scrap paper collected for recycling.
Recycled~term for paper manufactured, at least in part, from recovered fibers.
Reverse~the background of a paper is completely printed but the design area remains unprinted.
Rigidity~ paper's stiffness and bend resistance.
Show-through~ undesirable condition in which print on the reverse side of a sheet is visible under normal lighting conditions.
Smooth finish~ paper finish made very flat and even by passing through a variety of rollers.
Smoothness~sheet flatness that generally determines crispness of an image printed on it.
Showcrest paper~ textured paper finish with subtle eggshell-like bumps.  Commonly used by scrapbookers.
Stock~paper or board designed for a particular use that awaits printing or converting.  Also wet pulp in any stage of manufacture or pulp that has been processed to a state where dilution is the final step necessary for it to be made into paper or board.
Surface texture~ roughness or smoothness of a paper's surface.
Tag paper~ durable, heavyweight paper used to print retail product tags, labels, report covers and other heavy items.
Tearing strength~ paper's ability to resist tearing when subjected to manufacturing, printing and binding production demands.

Tensile strength~ability of a paper to withstand the stresses and strains associated with its end use.  The maximum force (in pounds per inch) necessary to break a paper strip of a certain width under lab conditions.  Measured in both with-grain as well as cross-grain directions.
Text paper~ term applied to grades of printnig paper used for printed booklets, programs, announcements and other select applications.
Tooth~ what is in your mouth..ha ha.  Slang term used to describe paper texture.
Translucent paper~paper that permits information to be seen through without being completely transparent.
Unbleached~ light brown paper that has not been whitened by bleaching.
Uncoated~ paper that has not been coated with adder fillers or calendared for gloss.  Uncoated papers are preferred for reading text and where a tactile matte surface is desired.
Vellum finish~ paper finish exhibiting a toothy surface very similar to eggshell or antique finishes.
Vellum paper~strong, quality cream or natural colored paper that emulates calfskin parchments. 
Velveteen~archival paper with a soft, fabric like texture perfect for keepsake uses.
Vivelle~ archival paper with a texture similar to terry-cloth.
Watermark~ impression of a design or pattern or symbol in a sheet of paper formed on the paper machine wire.  A watermark appears in the finished sheet as either a lighter or darker area than the rest of the paper. 
Web offset paper~uncoated or coated paper manufactured to be printed in a continuous manner from a roll.
Yellowing~ transformation inherent to paper made from vegetabl e fibers over time.  Easily evident in groundwood papers that contain lignin.
Zig-zag folding~ Continous form folding that alternates fold position from head to foot.  Often used to convert roll paper to a flat stack of forms.

Well I hope you learned somethng, I know I did.  This was adapted from the June/July 2006 issue of Scrapbook Retailer Magazine.

ATTN:  MAC Users & Ipod Phone Users~
For some reason Mac/Ipods & Paypal do not work well together.  For some Mac & Ipod users, the Paypal cart will dump after several things are added to the cart.  I might suggest you write the item numbers down that come up when you "add to cart".  If it does dump, you can call -740-477-1238 or email your order  Sorry for the inconvenience.  I have notified Paypal of this problem, but so far it has not been fixed.
PLEASE make sure your Paypal ADDRESS is CORRECT before placing your order.  Thanks!  It also helps to have a correct email address if I need to contact you re your order.  Thanks.
~International Customers~
When checking out with Paypal, please add your phone number.  The United States Postal Service is requiring that for all international shipments now.
ANY large dollar order~~
The shipping on every order goes up with the total of the sale.  Many of the things are small so the larger shipping is not warranted, so then I refund the difference.
If you have a question on shipping please contact me at

This does not apply to the standard shipping charge-just the larger orders when the shipping charge is at higher cost.
Articus Studio, 8341 Old Tarlton Pike, Stoutsville, Oh 43154, 740-477-1238